New Delhi: The utter failure of Nepalese Communists, as also other political parties, to deliver over the last few years has resurrected Hindu nationalism in the Himalayan nation where thousands of pro-monarchists joined a mass protest in the capital Kathmandu on December 5, demanding restoration of a constitutional monarchy and declaring the country as a Hindu nation.
Participants in the massive rally chanted slogans demanding the restoration of Nepal as a Hindu nation ruled by a constitutional monarchy for unity and well-being of the people.
“We want the restoration of our Hindu monarchy. We are not being driven by any impulsive feelings. The movement is being led by youths. We would fight for our objectives until we achieve our ends,” media reported, quoting a demonstrator.
Saturday’s mass protest was the largest after a series of similar protests held in country over the last couple of months. The December 5 demonstration was held under the banner of Rashtriya Nagarik Andolan Samiti (National Civic Movement Committee).
On November 10, many people, under the banner that read “Nationalist Civic Society”, staged a demonstration in Jamal area of Kathmandu, shouting slogans for the restoration of constitutional monarchy and Nepal as a Hindu state.
On November 12 also, Nepal Scholars’ Council organized a demonstration in Biratnagar. A week later, on November 19, many people under the banner of “Independent Nationalist Citizens Far-West” demonstrated in Dhangadhi. It was followed by a protest in Pokhara on November 25 under the banners of “Western Nepali Citizens” and “Nepal Nationalist Group” in Janakpur of Nepal.
On November 29, a similar protest was held in Hetauda under the banner “Restoration of Constitution Movement” and yet another on November 30 in Kathmandu.
A similar protest was planned by Rastriya Prajatantra Party in Jhapa, hometown of incumbent Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli.
Political observers in Kathmandu say these movements for the restoration of a constitutional monarchy and a Hindu state have arisen due to failure of various political parties to deliver what they promised.
“When democratic forces don’t live up to expectations– both ruling and opposition parties– then it`s inevitable that some alternative force will try to take its place. That is how I see the revival of this protest,” Biswas Baral, current affairs commentator in Kathmandu, told a news agency.
“Many people are unhappy with the working of the current government. It failed to control the Covid-19 pandemic and prevailing corruption. It also failed to implement federalism. So, there is general disillusionment amongst people. This mass protest could be an expression of that,” he said.
An important symbol of the latest mass movement was an attempt to return to the roots. Protestors displayed placards carrying a photo of Prithivi Narayan Shah, the founding father of modern Nepal, along with national flags. They chanted slogans against the Federal Democratic Republican system that Nepal adopted in 2008 after the abolition of the 240-year-old Hindu monarchy.
Nepal transitioned into a federal democratic republic after the promulgation of a new constitution in 2015.
The first General Election of 2017 brought in the Communist factions to power. However, they not only failed to deliver but also pitted China against the country’s natural and traditional ally, India.
This year, under the incumbent PM Oli, Nepal has virtually become a vassal state of China and turned a Nelson’s eye to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)’s land grab on Nepalese territory along Nepal-China borders.
This has infuriated a large number of Hindu Nepalese.
Their demonstration against the Communists is only a beginning…